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Full text of "Guide to Lake Louise and the beautiful scenery of this wonderful region [microform]"

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fiUIDE TO 



LAKE LOUISE 



/ND THE BEAUTIFUL SCENERY 
OK THIS WONDERFUL REGION 



"Lakes of gray at <lawn of day, 
lu soft shadows lying, 
Lakes o." jjold with gems untold, 
On thy bosom glowing. 
Lakes of white, 
At holy night. 
Gleaming in the moonlight.' 



Publilbed by the 
SOUVENIR DEPARTMENT, WINDSOR STATION 

MONTREAL, QUE. 

(O-07 



'>y 'd. . 



f.H. 



ff'] 



-^ 



N 



I^kf Louise Clinlet . . 
The I'irst Cliiilet . . 
The Heehive . . 
Lakes in the Cloiiils 
Lake Allies , . 
Mount St. rir.-in. . 
Mount I'airview 
The Sadrlletmck . . 
Para<li.se Valley 
Mount Temple . . 
Mount Alwnleen 
Palline Avalanches 
View from Little Beehive . 
Mount Victoria . . 
Valley of thv Ten I'eaks . 
Moraine Lake 
Mount HuiiKahee 
Mount Deltaforni 

Mount Biddle 

Lake McArthur . . 

Si<le Trips 

J/ake O'Hara 

Game in the Xwkies 

Livery Rates 

Consolation Vallev . . 

Wild Flowers 

Swiss (luides 

Tragedy of Mount Lefroy 

CampinK 

Healthfulness 

(Vlaciers. . 

Pack Horse Trips 

Birds 

Fishing 

Mount Fav . . 
The Great Divide 
Appreci lion . . 
Mountain Clinibinj; 
Historical 
First Ascents 
Forestry 
Limited Time 
Adieu 



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fs 

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-25 

-27 

2.S 

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3" 
3' 
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37 
3S 
39 
40 

41 
42 
43 
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46 

47 
48 



u 



Tlnrty- ,..ir ,n>le, we,t„ar.I fn.,,, |..„fT l,v tlu- (.•.i.a.lm,, 
nr.l.c Kmlway ,s I,aKK«„ Mlie .s..li.,„ for r.ak». I,.,„is.- an.l 
I...ke» „, ,lu. Cl„,.,ls|. T«„ „,„1 . |,a|f ,„ik.s .IMan.c fron. the 
statu,,, ,.v a l,„t. earriaKf roa.l «„.l I,„l<.. ,,,„.is,. (,i,it,„U- 
5,6,uft.)-tlic-mosl«i>,so,„- |,„i i„ th. Ca„a.lian kocka-s-i, 
re...- ,i-.l. Of thi- beauty .„ this re,„arkal,l. lafc.. there is ,. , 
.l.v,.le.l o,m„„„ ; eve-y visitor to its ,l...res Hi„«s its praises 
ami ,t ,,s a>k„,mle,lKc<l l,y ti,e ■„osl c„i.>,x-te>,t j,„l«es t.. Ik- n„e 
"I till- great i,.flst. .-.ieces iii the worhls gallery „f Nature As 
a Kein of com,,. . ,„„ „„.i eoloriuj; it has „o rival At everv 
hour of the .lay the view is ever-el,anKi„K with the sha,lo»-.s 
n,,. ,., es|«c,ally true of the early ,„„r«i„K a, ,1 eveui„« hours 
\\ alter Dw-ght WiU-.-x, VR.C. .S., i„ his . hanuiuK I..H,k, " The 
R.H:k,esofCana,la,- -lescrih-s t ,e eoloriuKs of Lake I..,uise as 
follows : • It ,s „„possil,le t<, t .,r ,,ai.,t the l,e-nutiful col.,rs, 
the kalei.lloscop,c chauge of ,,„t a„.l sha.le uu.ler si.eh c.,„- 
'htious. They are so exquisite that we refuse to l«,lieve then, 
even ni their presence, so subtle in change, so indnite i„ varielv 
that memory fails to recall their varying m. . I have seen 
twenty shailes of green an.l several of blue the waters .,f 
I,ake Louise at one 
time." Mr. E.lwanl 
Wliymper has com- 
pared it to Lake Oesh- 
inen in Switzerland, 
but has declared it "is 
more picturesque and 
has more niagnificcn. 
environments." It is 
a1,out ainileanilahalf 
long and half a mile 
broad, while its depth 

is over 200 feet. ,, —^—^ 

•Monument to sir Jnmes Itectorat I..nKK.i!i 




THE LAKE LOUISE CHALET 



Charmingly situated on the shore of I,ake Ivouise in the 
midst of the everj^reen wood. ;s a lovely chalet which has Ijeeii 
enlarged to a great hotel, and is one of the chain of hotels 
owned and operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company 
that have gained a world-wide reputation for beauty of location 
and excellence of service. It is open from June to September, 
.ind at it Swiss guides, horses, and packers can be hired for 
excursions near or far. It affo'ds most splendid accommodation 
and comfortable conveyances meet every train. The rates 
sre I3.50 per day and upward Tourist tickets frcm Banff, Field 
or Glacier, at single 

fare for the round trip T^^*^^;'- ' '''^^f' 

to I<ake Louise are is- 
sued on presentation 
of certificates from the 
manager of the Cana- 
d i a n Pacific Hotel. 
Te'ephonic connection 
is established between 
tlie hotel and I,aggan 
station, from which 
te'egraphic communi- 
cation is had with all 
parts of the world, and 
at the hotel is a dark 
room for the use of 
photographers. Visi- 
tors to this chalet 
always remember its 
home-like air of com- 
fort which adds so 
much to the enjoyment 
of the guests. 




One of the Chinese waiters at, 
Lake Louise Chalet. 
4 



THE FIRST 



CHALET 



Tlie grouth of intt-rest in this wonderful region has I,een 
veo- rap„l. A tew years ago, about iSgo, a small log House was 
suHieient to accomniclate the visitors who came t.. pay homaire 
to t MS matchless scenery. Ivach year bronght peoplj fron, all 
parts of the earth ui increasing numbers, and every season the 
accom.no,lation had to be increased and the little house was 
soon replaced by a larger building, wings have lK>en added 
ren.odellmg ha, taken place and to,lav is seen the splendid 
Uialet with all its mo.lern equipment for the comfort of guests 
What twenty years hence it will be who shall sav for Lake 
Louise IS gaining new friends in increasing numbers each vear. 




The Kirsl Chalet at take Louise. 
5 



THE 



BEEHIVE 




The Beehive and Mirror take. 
6 



LAKES IN THE CLOUDS 

The trail to the Lakes in the Clouds is easy to travel, some- 
what steep in places but offering no real .lifficulties to theaveraee 
pedestrian, though many prefer to use the horses. It is best to 
lake the lower path to Mirror Lake, thence around the lake 
skirting the si<le of Beehive Mountain, then up the stairs to 
Lake Agnes. Here a stay of a few minutes should be made and 
return by what is known as the high trail, which is a well-beaten 
path commencing at the back of I<ake Agnes cabin an.l over the 
side of MountSt. Piran to the Lake Loui.se Chalet. The scenery 
of this trail will always be remembered bv everv visitor 




On the Trail at I,ake Louise. 



K E 



N 



Lake Ajjiies (altitude 6,875 ftV The highest of the Lakes 
in the Clou<ls. A clear, cool sheet of water, cliff-girt ami over- 
hung witli towering pinnacles. An impressive and beautiful 
view can be obtained from the shores of this lake and from the 
trail on Mt. St. Piran of Mt Niblock, Mt. Wliyte, Lake Louise, 
and far down the Bow Valley. Perpetu;d silence reigns except 
for the sound of the ca.scades that fall into Mirror Lake. Lake 
Agnes is almost encircled with towering walls of rock whose 
height .ilmost shuts out the sun and gives to the lake a much 
.smaller appearance than it really deserves. 




IvHke Agnes. 



MOUNT 



S T. 



P I R A N 



One of the easiest iiiouutaiiis to diiiil) and having one of 
tile finest views to be obtained in tlie monntains is Mount St. 
Piran. The crest of this mountain is quickly reached from the 
Chalet by the I,akes in the Clouds trail. 

Edward Whyniper, the conqueror of the Matterhorn was so 
entranced with the scene to be had from this mountain that he is 
reported to have slept on the crest over night. The climb is so 
easy, and there is so much to repay for the time, that it shouUl 
be one of the most popular trips for visitors who desire to get 
some Idea of the maKnitu<le and beautv of this mountain district 




A Wouderful View. 
9 



MOUNT 



FAIRVIEV 



Mount Fairview is a very easy moimtain to ascend and wel! 
repays the cliniher for the trouble. It is the nearest to the 
Chalet though not as high as many jKaks in this vicinity, yet 
it affords a magnificent view of this wonderful district. The 
Saddleback is part of this mountain and from this point some 
idea of th.f distance and the laljor required to make the ascent 
can be obtained. The name, Mount I'airview, is well chosen 
for the outlook from the top is indeed a fair view. It is a 
favorite climb for the less ambitious Alpinist and will always 
be regarded with favor because of the many points on this trail 
which look out over magnificent scenery in various directions. 
Information regarding the trail can be obtained at the chalet 
and the ascent can be made in safety without the services of a 
guide or the use of a rope. 




The Top of Mount Fairview. 
10 



X H E 



SADDLEBACK 




Feradise Valley from the Saddleback, 

One of the most impressive sights in the vicinity of Lake 
Ionise is the scene from the Sadilleback lookout, reached by a 
good trail from the Chalet across the bridge thence upward 
through the trees. So interesting and pleasant is this trail that 
the time passes quickly and the charming scene of Para<lise 
Valley and surrounding mountains is soon viewed from a 
vantage point that seems to have been prepared by Nature for the 
benefit of mankind. A short stay should be made to observe 
the mighty mountains and contemplate the beautiful valley with 
its silver stream far below nestling among the dark green trees. 







Pinnacle Paw, Paradise Vallev 
12 ■'■ 



.MOUNT 



T E M P L E 



Mount Temple so...ewI,at elevated alK,ve the valley and 
hemmed ■„ by the forest, which sparkles like a diamond when 
the sun ,s ,n the south. It is more than 5000 feet from the 
water of th.s lake to the top of Mount Ten.ple. Hacier 

vllir'J?" ""T'^ '*"'' "' ""*"■"'» "valanches fall into the 
valley below a distance of 7.000 feet, and the thunder of their 

ullir T'-' '""" ''' ^««^" -- si. mUes away 
Mount Temple ,s one of the most imposing mountains in 

Alpinrst," 1."ftvTh^r "'"'Jr «/«vourite Z,.ffor amWti„:,s 
Alpinists. Hfty-three membersof the Canadiin AlpineClub as- 
cended tins mountain 
at their annual camp in 

Paradise Valley 

sea,son 1907. Numer- 
ous ascents have been 
made of this mountain 
and it is said to be 
somewliat arduous but 
not very dangerous 
for experienced 
climbeis. A very fine 
view of the side of 
this mountain is ob- 
tained from the 
Saddleback. From 
its imposing appear- 
ance, which from a 
distance looks like the 
dome of a vast cathe- 
dral, this mountain 
derives its name. On 
a clear day the panora- 
ma that is seen from 
the topof the mountain 

is wonderful » ^ « . - 

■ Mount Temple from lAke.Annettr. 




MOUNT 



A B E R D E E 



N 



Mounl Al)cr(lteii is another of the I'l 



.. u„„. ^,H.r..ee I .s another of the l-ara,lise Valley Rroup 
a»l has also fou.,,1 favor with the Canadian Alpine Cu^ for 
this mountain was ' 



mountain wa.s 
the one selected for 
the official climb 
of the Clul) By 
reaching the top of 
tliisKraml [wait the 
novice h e c o in e s 
qualified to have Ills 
name enrolled as 
an active memlier 
of the C a n a d i a n 
Alpine Club. To 
scale the rocks and 
ice of this giant 
peak anil to look 
out from the su. .. 
mil with most of 
the Con tint nt of 
America beneath 
your feet is suffi- 
cient evidence that 
the conqueror of 
this mountain is an 
active member of 
the human family 
and the i>ersoii 
who successfully 
iwrfomis this feat 
is worthy of honor. 




Canadian Alpine Club at Work 



FALLING AVALAN C H E S 

Uke Louise is a not, .,lace for Hvalaiiches, an.l it is „ot 
uncommon to hear the thunder of several of then, in cue day 
rUesxles of the mountains in the vicin.ty art plowed nu.l fur- 
rowejl by these immense masses of falling rocks an.l ice which 
'ut down trees and sweep everything from their path by a 
lernble, .rres.stible force. From the precipitous sides of Mounts 
Lefroy and Victoria ice and rock are continuallv becoming de- 
tached and large falling avalanches are fr^quentlv seen from 
tBe Chalet .lescen.hng through the airv abyss and striking the 
rock with thun.lering uoi.o far below. It is .said to take nearly 
twenty seconds for the noise to reach the Chalet, and when 
their thunder ,s heard all that is then .«en is large clouds of fine 
snow rising from the place where the avalanche has f Jlen 




AN AVALANCHE ON U 



( The whole mhejarefrround Is the Vhforia C.lacle. 
carried dinvn * ' ' - ■ 



rORlA. 



V«''«A7«V;i;yA/J^*M7?/i/AX '''■'^^f^^»^^^f' the rotks and stones 

^i^f'etotheleftofiHel'if£:i!^h,-J^^^^^^ 



VIEW FROM LITTLE BBEHIVB 

Here is a view e«.sy to ol.Ui,, and will ^ive . letter idea of 
the work of Nature ,n this marvellou. ,li.trict than poMibly anv 
other journey of an equal distance from the chalet ~-,e trail 
li easy and good enough for the -xinies. The time s. dd not 
he I imite,! to minutes for an hour ,s well spent in contemplation 
of his scene, which is- unsurpa«w,l in the gallery of Nature 




View of Mkes in th« Clouds. Mts. I,efroy, victoria and the Beehive. 



That Kiant .s„.,w.cap,M;,| iiMnniUii. siluatt-.l at the ..,,,1 ., 
for 7.« to ,S..o Lt a la. e ike" " ""^ ""' ""■^- "'^f* "■"' 




Mount Victoria i. .t the had of lake I^ul« 



VALLEY OF THE TEN PEAKS 

ITir "'"".T'^"' '"• "^^'"P'- '■• il - Moraine Lake 

fislnng. The Government have recently construc.ed a splen.lid 
carnage road from Lake Louise to Moraine Lake 

A great glacier has found its way down the heights at the 




Moraine t«ke and Valley of tht Ten Peaks. 



MORA 

lake an., thus descrite his ex^^rieLe - ""''"' "' '"» 

ever seln'^Tht 'tlZ'Z::,^ n",""^' '"'^"'''- ""^^ ' '-e 

half long. A green f„re«7 ""^^ '""'^ ''* ^^'"- a mile and a 
opposite side iroTerhZK ■'':.'?' "°^"' *°^^' -""e the 
the'^water is I Zc^2n „V, f" """P'^^' Surrounding 
thousand feet above T^-^V'fVl' "''"« «^-^ t" «^ 
them. The water is very clear and nr„'''°'i^'^'^'"'' ^'"°"g 
green color. At the time of «fv '* ^characteristic blue 

calm and reflected the ro„°J ^ '""™' ^^^ '^^e was partly 
surface. No .scene Ull ever^gi^r^F""'' '*"", '^''''' f™^" >'» 
■nspiring solitude and rugged gra"l"r.''^" ^''" '""P'^^'"" of 




MOUNT HUNGABEE, 11,447 ft. 

The most difficult and most dangerous mountain in this 
whole region is Mount Hungabee (Indian for chieftain) situated 
at the head of Paradise Valley, which has only been climbed 
once, and that by one of the most strenuous Alpinists 
in America — Prof . H. C. Parker, of Columbia University, 
New York. The glacier which feeds Paradise River is packed 
in the lap of Mt. Hungabee, and is said to be one of the most 
dangerous glaciers in the Rockies. 




Mount Hungmbee 



MOUNT 



DELTAFORM 



This is one of the most difficult peaks to climb in the 
Canadian Rockies. It is only possible to ascend to the peak 
under favorable circumstances and accompanied by the most 
experienced and determined guides. The first ascent was made 
by Professor Parker of Columbia University, on September ist, 
1903. It required ten hours of the hardest kind of climbing to 
reach the crest, and the party encountered almost vertical 
ledges, sensational traverses, difficult ice and steep chimnevs. 
The descent required eleven hours, and for a portion of the time 
tht party were in a very severe snow storm. Luckily thej^ 
succeeded in this ascent without an accident and arrived in 
camp at 3 a.m. 

If the ambitious alpinist wants a climb that will test his pluck, 
skill and energy. Mount Deltafomi will gratify his every wish- 



•t 




Mount Deltafonn* 
21 



MOUNT 



B I 



E 



This mountain is situated near Lake McArthur. The first 
accent was made by Professor Parker and two Swiss guides on Sep- 
tember 3rd, 190^. Professor Parker says of this ascent :— " The 
view from tHBT^k is very fiue and the difficult climbing, where 
the greatest caution is required, is for so short a distance that it 
does not become fatiguing. The time required was about 
seventeen hours, aud the two Swiss guides said that for a short 
distance this ascent was the most difficult they had encountered. 




Mount Biddle. 
22 



L A K 



M 



ARTHUR 



Mr. Bell Smith, the well-known artist, thus describes this 
lake in AuKust. ^9o^—" This is a most Iwautiful spot ; from our 
camp on the shorSnear its outlet a clear view opens over the 
full length of the lake, at the upper end of which the water 
comes down from the glaciers of Victoria and I<efroy in a series 
of falls which spring forth out of a high rocky cliff, and reflected 
in the exquisitely colored waters of the lake form a most at- 
tractive feature of an altogether lovely scene. The weather 
being fine and warm we, after spending two days in sketching 
and photographing, on August 5th made an early start, and 
after an easy walk over the pass, found ourselves in a rocky 
gulch too rough for the horses to get through, so we had to 
leave them tethered at the extremity of tree line, for we had now 
ascended 2,000 feet above our camp, and after a short scramble 
found ourselves near the shore of the most beautifully colored 
lake i have ever seen. Over a mile in length, nearly surrounded 
by high rocky precipices, and studded over its surface with 
veritable icebergs, which were constantly breaking off from a 
huge glacier that thrust its bulk far into the lake at its upper 
end, this wonderful tarn spread out before us, reflecting in its 
depths the titanic masses of rock and snow in shimmering 
glints of violet, blue and green. Before leaving this charming 
scene, which we did most reluctantly, Mr. Wilcox discovered 
quite near the shore at one end r>f the lake a small whirlpool, 
which indicated the spot where the waters found their subter- 
ranean outlet. Only about four or five persons had ever before 
seen this lake, and none of them had noticed this place. The 
noise which the waters made in being sucked down into this 
terrifying abyss exactly resembled that produced by small 
pebbles rolling down an iron pipe, and could be heard at a 
considerable distance. Probably the first white man to see this 
lake, which he did from a lofty height and at some distance, 
was Mr. J. McArthur, Government Surveyor, after whom it has 
been named.'' 



SIDE TRIPS FROM LAKE LOUIS 



E 



To Lakes in the CloucU.— Distance, three miles for rounii trip. 
Time required from two and a halt to three hours. Good trail. 
May be made on foot or by pony. 

Go to Mirror Lake first, then up the stairs to Lake Agnes. 
Take trail back of .shelter at Lake Agnes and return by the 
high trail to Chalet. 




To the Saddleback. — Distance, five 
miles for round trip. Time required 
from three to three and a half hours. 

May be made on foot or by pony. 



Ready for the Trail, 



Moiaine Lake and Valley of the Ten 
Peaki. — Distance, twenty miles for 
round trip. Time required six to seven 
hours. Lunch should be taken. 

This trip may be extended to the 
Wenkchewna Glacier. 



Paradiie Valley.— Distance, eighteen miles for round trip. 
Time required six to seven hours. Take a lunch. 

This trip may be extended to the Horseshoe Glacier. 



Couolation Valley.— Lake the Moraine Lake road or trail, 
crossing the stream at the end of the lake, then around the 
Tower of Babel. Time, ten hours. 



NoT«.-Much if not all the pleaanre is tost if you give too Httle time to 
theae tripa. 



SIDE TRIPS F R OM LAKE LOUISE 

WtoiU Gladet.—Distance, about six miles. Time required 
from four to five hours. With guides this ♦„ ip may !« extended 
to a full day and interest greatly increased by doing some 
climbing on the snow and ice. 



L»ke 0'H»r«.— Take the ponies at Hector Station. Round 
trip forty miles. Time, two days. If Lake McArthur and Lake 
Oesa are to be visited add another day. 



Lake McArthur. — 
Take the ponies at 
Hector Station. 
Round trip forty-six 
miles. Time required, 
two days. A full week 
can be well spent in 
this charming locality. 



Ptannigan Lake and 
Valley. — Distance, 
thirty miles. Time, 
two days. This is a 
delightful trip to prac- 
tically a new country. 




Pack Horsea in the Canadian Rockiea. 



Nom.— To get full enjoyment of mountain trips— nn/ifr kurry. 




I^ke O'Hani. 



LAKE O ' H A R A 

" If six of the most lieaiitiful Lakes in the mountains were 
selected this would certainly he amonK them. Personally 
I regard Lake Louise, Moraine Lake and Lake O'Hara as the 
finest I have ever seen. Kacli is Iretwcen one and two miles 
long and each has certain individual charms. O'llara Lake is 
surrounded by a noble amphitheatre, the cul de sac made by 
Mounts Victoria, Lefroy and Hungabee. The water, and even 
the bottom itself, are colored a.vivid, clear green. Not far from 
the outlet, a pretty bay is made by a narrow point which 
projects a line of trees into the water. Then it dissolves in a 
chain of ro<-ky islets covered in part with moss willows, a few 
dwarf species and beds of purple raye<l astors. Beyond the 
minature cape the shore sweeps out into the broader reaches of 
the Lake and carries the eye to the cliffs of the farthest shore, 
where the inlet stream makes a curtain of water as it falls 
in ca.scades over dark rocks. At night and sometimes by day 
you may hear the echo distinctly a mile or more distant as it is 
carried over the I.^ke. I have never discovered whether there 
are any fish in this lake or not, though every condition is 
favorable for them."— Walter Dwiglit Wilcox, in "The 
Rockies of Canada." 

There is a good trail from Hector to Lake O'Hara, and it is 
a very enjoyable trip in favorable weather. The distance to the 
lake an<l return is almost forty miles and two days should be 
devote<l to this trip. 



^><5) 



GAME 



IN 



THE 



ROCKIES 



lyakc Louise being within the confines of the Cana.lian 
National I'ark there is no opportunity for tlie hunter of big 
game in this immediate vicinity. Yet many parties in search of 
mule (leer, caribou, moose, mountain goat and sheep, start from 
here, for, by good trails and within easy distance, is one of the 
Ijest big game districts in America. Of smaller game, the lynx, 
coyote, wolverine, muskrat and marten are most common, and 
the whistling marmot and waddling porcupine are often seen 
close to the Chalet. Squirrels, chipmunks and gophers are also 
in abundance. Not to be forgotten are the black, cinnamon 
and grizzily bears which are often seen by guides and others 
who wander from the beaten paths of civilization. Hunting in 
this altitude has many additional charms, for nowhere else can 
be found such remarkable and diversified scenery to interest the 
sportsman together with the abundance of game, making an 
outing that is mast beneficial and amply repays for the time 
spent in reaching this favorable territory. 




•i 



LIVERY R AXES 

Between I^ggaii Station and Lake Louise Chalet $ .50 

Hand baggage not exceeding two pieces for each person Free 

For each additional piece of hand baggage ti 

Trunks from Laggan Station to Lake Louise and return. . .75 

Pony from Lake Louise to Moraine Lake and return 4.00 

Pony from Lake Louise to Saddleback and return i jo 

Pony to Lake Agnes and return i .50 

Pony to Victoria Glacier and return I . jo 

Saddle and pack ponies for trips not herein specified, for 

each horse per day j.oo 




orses and Carriages at the Chalet. 
29 



CONSOLATION VALL 



B Y 



Ko.-kiSs^/:i;:,.';,lX»-;'^f ^illj''^^^^^^^ of the C...dia„ 

an.l winditiK silver stream.^„^ K'-iciere, moraine, dark foreat*, 
whose. re»tfu%e*i"„UeX tra" elkr'for'"? .'."■"""'K *>''« »«''« 
an.l mortar. noi«.. and s rife aieff.rnT the world of bricks 
porte.! to « land where these roubL, n. ^ "u'',"'* **™ '"'* 
To tlie south of this vallev U a r?,^u ?'■" •""' »" "istence. 
tl.e Tower of mLlZWZ^ TvUmTu^ comn.encinK with 
eastward till it teniiiiiates n tit 4U i^ ii'creasiiiK m FieiKht 
bonier of ice near its Se crest ^m '"?'?. '"'\«£'^ **t^ a 
this valley rise in a sheer l.ii/Vi """"^ °' "" " 'f" around 
picture oM^e "i^latf^n and °eo XTI"'" "J '"' ""^ '""•'-« 
anymountain valley in the world *""'-'' "''■■""T««««l Ly 




Consolalion Valley. 
30 



WILD FLOWERS AROUND LAKE LOUISE 




Harebrll. 
Asters and Columbines. 



Orchid. 
Avalanche I«ily. 

Among the many flowers foiiiul in the I.;.ki' T.oiiise rej,'i«ii 
are moss campion, alpine campion, alpine (lan.lelion, crepis 
star thistle, erigeron, arnica, arctic saxifrage, stonecrop ami 
alpine willows, and harel)ells, rouianzoffia, Kra.ss of parnassus, 
pentstemon, anemones, large thistle, chives, shooting-star. 



I 



w 



s 



u 



it maTe*s?Atl KW" ■"'*'«"'«-- «"<' Mature is seeni^"^ 




SwiK Guides are brought to I^ke I,oui.e each .eason by the 
Canadian Pacific Railway Company. 



THE TRAGEDY O N MOUNT LEFROY 

The list of fatal ac- ■,lents in ti,e • madian Rockies contains 
tmt one name up to . c r.res.nt, . ;<1 that is Philip Stanley 
Abbot of Boston. A m,,.. .f Ion-, experience in mountain clirab- 
mg m the Swiss Alps and in the Canadian Rockies ; a member of 
xuJ^^^i ^"""t""' Clul'- On August 3rd, ,895, Messrs. 

Abbot, Thompson, Little and Professor Fay left Tate Louise 
Chalet and started to a.sceud Mount Lefrov. The party at , ,0 
<lrew up under an immense bastion and Abbot, who was lea, 'ne 
saw beyond an allele in the bastion a verticle cleft up which 
It was possible to climb. U.iroping, Abbot ascended some 
thirty feet when Professor Little called to him if it woul.l not 
be better to try and turn the bastion on the shelf To this 
question Abbot replied ' I think not. I have a goo,! lea.l here ' 
These were the last words he ever uttered. A uiomeut later 
Profe.ssor Little, whose attention was for the instant .liverte.I 
was conscious that something had fallen swiftly past him and 
knew only too well what it must be. 

Thompson, standing at the base of the cliff, saw Abbot fall 
backward, then head foremost saw him strike the upper margin 
of the ice, turn completely over and begin rolling down a steep 
incline. As the limb bo<ly rolled downward two lengths of rope 
colled upon it as upon a spool, this effected the velocity of the 
descent of 900 feet and prevented the unconscious form from 
falling over the cliff below. Abbot died a few moments 
after his friends reached the place where his body had 
been arrested in its terrible fall. Two davs later the partv 
returned and recovere.l Abbot's Irady now wrapped in a 
mantle of snow. 

This sad event should not be forgotten by those who 
attempt mountain climbing in this region and it must be 
remembered that danger is near and that no risks should be 
taken without every available precaution for safety being 
exercised. 



CAMPING IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES 

The Canadian Rockies excel all other places for a camping 
trip because there is so much to see that is interesting, novel 
and exhilarating. Blest, indeed, are those that can get awny 
from the turmoil of the city and spend some time among these 
matchless mountains and see Nature in all her grandeur of 
towering peaks and glittering glacier, wild and weird canyons 
picturesque mountain lakes and tarns, spacious valleys and 
enchanting streams. 




CampioE in the Canadian Rockies is a delightful-and beneficial vacation. 



HEALTHFJLNESS OF MOUNTAINS 



It is well known that the chemical composition of the 
atmasphere differs but little, if at all. wherever the sample be 
taken ; whether it be on the high Alps or at the surface of the 
sea, the relation of oxygen to nitrogen and other constituents is 
the same. The favorable effects, therefore, of a change of air 
are not to Ije explained by any difference in the proportion of 
Its gaseous constituents. One important diflerence, however is 
the bacteriological one. The air of high altitudes cortains no 
microlws, and is, in fact, sterile, while near the ground and some 
loo feet above it, microbes are abundant. In the air of towns 
and crowded places not only does the microbic impurity 
mcrease, but other impurities, such as the products of the 
combustion of coal, accrue also. Several investigators have 
found traces of hyilrogen and certain hydrocarbons in the air 
and especially in the air of pine, oak and birch forests. It is 
these bodies, doubtless, to which the curative effects of certain 
health resorts are ascribed. Thus the locality of a fir forest is 
said to give relief in d:sea.ses of the respiratory tract. But ail 
the same these tra, essential oils and aromatic products 

must be counted, stt .)eaking, as impurities, since thev are 

not apparently necet..-,ary constituents of the air. As recent 
analy.ses have shown, these bodies tend to disappear in the 
air as a higher altitude is reached, until they disappear 
altogether. It would .seem, therefore, that microbes, hydro- 
carbons, and entities other than oxygen and nitrogen, and 
perhaps we should add argon, are only incidental to the 
neighborhood of human industry, animal life, damp, and 
vegetation.— The London Lancet. 

There can be no divided opinion as to the healthfulness of 
Uke Louise or the benefit to be derive.! from a visit in this 
chnnning region. 



^ A C I E R S 

James Outram has written, " In the Heart of the Canadian 
Rockies," thus on glaciers :— " Glaciers and their ways take a 
life time to understand fully. Snowcraft is an education which 
many guides with the experience of years are not masters of ; 
and almost every season the treacherous snows will claim among 
their \ ietinis men who have spent years in studying their con- 
ditions. Many a vast abyss is hidden under an unbroken 
expanse of .seemingly solid snow wlieic even the keenest and 
most practiced eye cannot detect their presence, and frequently 
an intricate net work of the.se huge crevas.ses may be gaily 
passed over by an unskilled party perhaps unroped, where an 
experienced guide would have had each individual on the rope, 
held taut, the eye anil hand watchfully ready as he winds here 
and there probing at every step and noting indications of th_ 
most subtle type. Still more appalling and even more difficult 
to recognize are the limitations of avalancliing snow. The 
average athlete requires a hundredfold less education to become 
safe or even expert on rocks than on snow or ice. 

"Dangers are more apparent and easily recogn..,ed. It is 
the open rather than the hidden and treacherous foe that he has 
to battle with ; and certainly amongst amateurs for one expert on 
snow and ice will be found ten or a dozen in the foremost rank 
on rocks. The masked crevasse, the slippery surface, the frail 
snow bridge, the tendency to a\alanclie <lemand every possible 
care to guard against an accident." 

K'om a man of such wide and varied experience these 
worr' , warning should be heeded by every person who visits 
the g.aciers in the vicinity of Lake Louise, named as follows : 
Victoria, Lefroy, Horseshoe and Wenkcbemna. The first 
two are situated at the end of Lake Louise and in plain 
view of the Chalet. Their distance and size is mos^ deceiving 
and upon nearer view one is impres.sed with their immensity. 
Great yawning crevasses seam and furrow these mighty masses 
of ice and snow, making them exceedingly dangerous for the 
imfaniiliar to traverse. 



PACK 



HORSE 



TRIPS 



and go l,.v pack-horses into the- very heart of the wiUls. This 
IS easily done, even l,y la.lies. The outfitter will supply all 

ThTm, ' ''""" "'" ^-'^-"--^ carry all pro'^^sions. 
and sa<ldle-po„,es, sure-footed as a mountain goat and trained to 
th. trail, are suppl,e<l. The camp cook and usually a hoy of all 
rades precede the campers inlan<l ; and, if there are lad.es 
in the party, have the camp stove for the ladies' te.t going an.l 
refreshments ready. One party including ladies recently made 
a trip of sixty nnles. It was neces.sary to ford nine .nountain 
orrents, crass two miles of giant fallen timber, climb a vertical 
bene. 2,uoo ft. high by means of the zig,.ag, or corkscrew bridle 
path and come .o a lake by trail through three miles of 
muskeg, ho perfect were the outfitters' arrangements that it 
WMS not necessary to dismount once-*xcepting to rest For 
such a tnp the charges are according to the size of the party 




Pack Horse Trips. 
37 



BIRDS 



I N 



THE 



ROCKIES 



From the EiikIisIi sparruw lo tlic KoliUn tank-, birds of all 
sizes visit Lake I.oiiise anil the vicinity during tlie suiiinier 
months. The blue grouse, Franklin grouse or fool hen are 
plentiful, and Rocky Mountain ptarmigan are found at higher 
altitudes. In the wooded lower valleys bird life in endless 
variety is found. On the lakes are freciuently seen different 
varieties of water fowl, and the connnon whiskey-jack is every- 
where to t)e found. It is good to know that shooting is not 
permitted within the boundaries of the National Park, but if the 
tourist be so inclined and in the regular season he can find 
abundant opportunity for the exercise of his skill in many famous 
districts Ijeyond said boundaries. 




Grouse. 
38 



H 



N 




Trout from Moraine I^ke 



Trout of a good siVc have frequently been caught in 
S"' I'^^t r'' ■"'"" .'" Lake Louise/ The water^n the 
vicinity of Lake Louise being largely of glacier origin contains 
o„n^[|;- "T"'" ? '^^^"^' sediment whfch is not^a favoraWe 
comht.on foranghng. The guides at Lake Louise^ however 
know of goo.1 fishing waters within easv .listance from he a.alel' 



M 



U 



N 



F 



Th.s mountain .., „«,„e,I after I'rofe.ssor Fav, ITe.si.lent of 
the American Alpine Club, who thuH descrilws th^ ascent of this 
mountain : ■• The approach of Mt, Fay is from one of the most 
exquisite of those deep blue Alpine lakes, in the number an.l 
beauty of which Switzerland is quite outclasse.l by this rerion- 
Morame Lake^ Its environment is most impressive, j^t almost 
forbiddmg Mt.Fayisanotherma.siveridKe,risi„g,asiftofomi 
a second terrace, from a great arena filled to the depth of hun- 
-Ireds of feet with a crevassed glacier. Its feeding neve sweeps 
at a precipitous angle up this frowning ridge, and seems to curl 
backward like a breaking wave in a ponderous changing cornice 
that precludes secure approach from this side. And this is, in 
part, why the ascent was one of the longe.st as well as most 
arduous that I have hitherto made-f=fteen hours from our camp 
by the lakeside and return, from 3.30a.m. until 6.30 p m 
lo the top of the couloir we made our way, ehieflv on the ice' 
with frequent step-cutting, but with one diversion, for varietv' 
to the crags. It was a parlou.s-looking place, and, as we noted 
It upon our return by the ice below, we asked ourselves ■ ' How 
many persons inexperienced in such climbing would consider 
a passage over such a frowning donjon as in any way possible 
without wmgs ? ■ Then over snow-fields and a brief rockV ridge 
between peaks Three and Two. then skirting over the latter's 
snowy side-avoiding in one place a mass of rock discharged at 
us as If in fury from the outcrop uear its summit- and we found 
ourselves at the col, or depression, between Two and the great 
snow-faced ridge still left for us to surmount, and even now 
towering some thousand feet above us. . . it remained 

only to pass over the ponderous dome of snow that crowns the 
midway portion of the great ridge, and then beyond it by an 
easy slope to gain its culmination. A vast panorama is here 
unfolded, the most unpressive feature of which is the seemingly 
perpendicular drop of about 5,000 feet, on its northern side to 
the lakelets of Consolation Valley." 



I 



THE GREAT Di VIDE 




The Great Divide. 



Six „„les from LagKan the summit of the Rockies is 
reached and the Great Divide is passe.i, 5,296 feet above sea 
level It >s marked by a rustic arch spanning a stream, under 
which the waters divide by one of those curious freaks with 
which nature occasionally diverts herself. For the two little 
brooks have curiously different fates, though thev have a com- 

mWi°"^."w,J ""''" '""' ^''-^'^ '° "'"^ "^^^^ eventually 
mingle with the ice-cold tides of Hudson Bay, while the rivulet 
that turns to the west adds its mite to the volume of the P.,cific 



APPRECIATION AND ADVI CE 

view fro. Sa.Une,.acU. Sec.^r^rvio;::::',':^;:'^;"^^ 
range. Thin], tlie Lakes in the Clouds.- 

(SiRneil) RoHSKT Gau.owav. 



of ,,"' '''™'«"."»K'«n<l"'rof the Himalayas, the beauties 

Sue,oL!.. "■'^ "°' '^"' *"■>■ ■""^•'^ - P-'--l»e as 
(Signed) SwA-Mi Abbedamanda, 
New York City. 

••Surely tVis > .t rart- pearl of Nature set in a most 
>"«Kn.ficent n.ountinK, overpoweri„K i" its quiet beauty." 
(Signed) A. H. A., 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

•' Where, O reader, but at hake I.oui.se, do the snow-capped 

sky of Itahan .ntens.ty, look .lown upon you, filling you 
with awe and reverence." R .j"" 

(Signed) R. w, A.shcrokt. 

servile^ofTgS:,;::"""""' ^'""""'*^ "^^^- ^-^'^ ~ '"e 
(Signed) G. C. Brown, 
London, Eng. 

"Judging the distance by .sight, I thought I cout.l reach 
Victona Glacer in an hour, but alas ! it took me four hours 
and It was hard work." ""urs, 

(Signed) C. Forbbs. 



ON MOUNTAIN CLIMBING 

" The joy of life is stct-piiess iivercoiiic 
Aii.1 victoru.s of nsceiit, aii.I lcx>kiiit; '.lown 
On all timt had |,K.ke.l .lowii o-. us "-Tknnvson. 

^'wy/ "'if "">.•";'"'"' <"'<lKclthti,good tidings. Nature'sfieare 

wllblozvlhcro,,;, freshness into von, and the storms heir 
'»''gy,^^'h>te cares will drop off like autumn leaves 

—John Mi'ir. 

Mouiitiiiu c-Iiiiil)iiiK is not a <lani{eroiis pastime l,„i „ 

I>K. J. C. YoNdi:, 

New York. 
CliiMlmiK the moiiiitaiiis around I.ake Louise has l..*n t« 
".d'e^hihr^U: "/ ""■ 'r"^''='i "f ^-^'--^.a-l an "ee^tinK 

Rkv. J. s. Smith, 

Ijondon. 

Go to the mountain 
top, ye whose lives have 
heen spent in the valleys. 
A vision of a new world 
awaits j, u, anil an in- 
spiration to hijjher, holier 
ai.d loftier iileals. 

Chas. Moore, 

Chicajfo. 

Anyone can ko down 
and stay down— struggle 
upward, it always repays. 
This is true around I^ke 
Louise. 

Miss G. Bruce, 
victory. Minneapolis, Min. 




H 



S 



I.iiki' I.otiisf was iiniiicil ill lioiuir of 1'riiuf.s I.oiiisc, 
(laiiKlittr of the late QiH'cii Victoria, and wife of llif Marquis of 
Uoriic, wlio was ('.oviTiior-CiiMieral of Caiiaila from till' yi'ar 
lS78to 1HS3. 

I<ake Agnes was naiiieilafter Miss Akiks Knox, of Toronto, 
who is saiil to liavf hei-ii the first woman to visit this hike. 

The first soil on the Canailian Pacific- Railway was tiirneil 
May 2, 1881. The last spike was driven .Vovcmher 7, iS,S5. 



The first passenger train acroiis Canada, Kastboiind, arrived 
in Montreal July 12, i,S,S6. 

The first transcontinental passenKi^r train, Westhound, left 
Montreal June 2.S, 1SS6, and reached its destination, V.mcouver, 
in five (lays and nineteen hours. 

The Canadian Pacific Railway cost over three luinilred 
inillions to construct. 




I,ady .\herdeeii at Lake I,ouise chalet, Oct. i8th, iSim. 



FIRST ASCENTS 



Mount Victoria, 

AuKiisl yi\. 1S97 M<ii NT Am KUKKN, 

AllHllsl J2lli), 1S94 
Moi-NT VICTDKIA (N. I'eakl, 

AtiKUst J4tli, lyio Men NT liiiiiu.ic, 



MOINT I.KFROY. 



MoiNT TKMI'M;, 



AuKiist 1st, 1-97 Mi)i NT I)i;i.TunuM. 



AllKUSl iStll. IN^-I 




Si-pl, 1st, 1911.? 

MdiNT III X(, Miia:, 

July iist, lyti? 




Two I,atlies who h.ive won f.ime as Moiiiit;iiii Climbers. 
45 



F 



The tree life around Lalce Louise is abundant and ends at 
an altitude of about 7,000 feet. In this locality is found a 
splendid variety of timber, includinj; the jack'pine, spruce, 
balsam, 6r, larch, cedar, hemlock, cotton wood, alder and 
willow. Visitors will note that strict rexulalions and heavy 
penalties exist regarding the starting of forest fires in the 
Canadian National Park, and care must also be exercised in the 
disposal of lighted matches when on trails in the timber 
Remember a careless act may cause very serious results. 







On the Trail. 



HOW TO USE LIMITED TIME 






It is unfortunate to have but one day at l^ke Louise, for in 
that time a passing glance can only \ie obtained of the beauty 
and magnitude of these wonderful mountains. 

FOR A ONE-DAY VISIT.— In the morning visit the Lakes 
in the Clouds, going by Mirror Lake trail, returning by the 
high trail which is ea.sily followed, stirting as it does from the 
rear of the Lake .\gnes chalet. Time should lie allowed for a 
short stay at Lake .\gnes, and to visit the be.st points of 
view on the high trail. 

After lunch go to the Saildleback and .see the beautiful 
Paradise Valley, with the glorious mountains surrounding this 
far-famed valley. 

In the evening tiike a boat trip on Lake I/>uise to the end of 
the lake, and see from the trail Victoria Glacier at close range. 

THE vSECONI) DAY.— Take a trip to Moraine Lake and 
the Valley of the Ten Peaks. A full day should 1» given to this 
most interesting scenery, which will be appreciated by every 
visitor to this famous valley. 

THE THIRD D.\Y. — Secure the service of a Swiss guide, 
make an early start and visit Victoria Glacier. Your progress 
will be governed by the climbing ability of your party. See the 
immense creva.sses and the wonderful formations of ice and 
snow. A day call be well spent on this most interesting trip. 
Strong boots are al>solutely necessary. 

THE FOURTH D.\Y.— Lakes O'Hara anil Mc Arthur should 
be visited. This will be a very enjoyable trip and the scenery 
will amply repay for the time spent in reaching these most 
interesting lakes. 

MONTHS can be well spent at Lake Louise and new places 
visited each day. The fascination and charm of this region 
grows upon every visitor. 



Adieu 
To Lake Louise. ^ 



I'liwilling feet I turn from thee 
To seek my far oil home, 

Yet thy fair face I still shall see 
Wherever I may roam. 

For beauty seen remains for aye, 

Strengthening the heart along 
Life's way. 

K. F. N. 






J'